Grammar of Tamazight: Central Atlas of MoroccoA Functional ApproachAli AlalouUniversity of DelawareThe objective of this reference grammar is to contribute to the various works that have been published in Tamazight (tamaziɣt) or Berber linguistics. This work aims at providing an overview of the structure of Tamaziɣt language by describing its sounds (phonology), its morphology (how its words are formed and classified), its syntax (the distribution of its lexical units to form phrases and sentences), and how the meaning of words (semantics) is constructed and conveyed. The grammar goes into some details in some areas and could serve as a pedagogical tool for teachers of Tamaziɣt (or Berber) and/or for linguists who work in comparative studies.The basic source of the data and the examples provided in this grammar are mostly from the author’s own speech community, recorded examples from conversations with friends and family members, all of whom are native speakers of this variety. Additional materials were drawn from songs such as memorized Ahidous (High Atlas songs), folklore and songs including Amazigh artists such as Ahozar, Rwicha, Hadda Ouakki among others, all of which are available on YouTube. In addition, examples are also borrowed from references when necessary in order to compare the varieties.ISBN 9783862889457 (Hardbound). LINCOM Studies in Afroasiatic Linguistics 39. 244pp. 2019.A Grammar of HaroHirut Wolde-MariamAddis Ababa University Haro is an endangered language spoken by less than 200 people who live on the eastern shore of an island in Lake Abaya. Lake Abaya is located in the southwestern part of Ethiopia. Genetically, the language belongs to the Ometo linguistic group of the Omotic language family within the Afro-Asiatic super-family. This study provides description of the phonological, morphological and syntactic structures of the language. The structures of nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, deictics, numerals, simple sentences and complex sentences are described and analyzed. Haro has a largely suffixal, transparent, agglutinative morphology that allows concatenation of up to four suffixes in a word stem. It is common for inflectional categories to be expressed cumulatively by the use of portmanteau morphemes in contrast to derivational categories expressed by separate morphemes. Haro is an interesting language from typological and historical perspectives. For instance, unlike the situation with related languages, the case system in Haro involves three core cases, and employs ‘differential case marking’ that exempts certain nouns from case marking. The three-way number marking in nouns is also attested uncommon among the Ometo languages. Haro exhibits an intricate system of focus marking that affects the morpho-syntactic properties and categorization of a verb. 9783862886661. Languages of the World/Materials 505. 248pp. 2015.Koptisch - Ein Leitfaden durch das SaïdischeAndrea Eberle unter Mitarbeit von Regine SchulzLudwig-Maximilians-Universität München / The Walters Art Museum, BaltimoreCoptic, belonging to the Afro-Asiatic languages, is the final development of the ancient Egyptian language. It is derived from the popular tongue of the so called New Empire and uses the Greek alphabet complemented with six letters from Demotic, an earlier form of Egyptian writing since the 7th century B.C. Beginning with the 1st century A.D. Coptic writing started to replace the complicated Hieroglyphic system and became the official written language during the 3rd century by the spread of Christianity and Christian texts. In addition to this, gnostic, Manichaean and profane texts are important parts of Coptic literature. After the Arabian conquest of Egypt in 641 A.D. and the spread of the Islam, Coptic was abandoned as colloquial and written language in favour of Arabic even by the Christian population. Until now Coptic is used as liturgical language of the Coptic Church. The present volume is an introduction to Sahidic Coptic, the starting-point for any coptic study. The emphasis has been put on basic matters relevant to the needs of the beginner. The volume contains: the basic structure of the morphology with special reference to the verbal system; the principles of the different syntactical constructions (main and subordinate clauses - both with translated examples); a sample text with interlinear phonetic transcription and translation; an extensive bibliography with references to more specialized literature and an index. This comprehensive introduction in Coptic is based on the experience of almost a decade of continuous teaching and was also used successfully for self-studies. (written in German)ISBN 9783895860225. Languages of the World/Materials 07. 109pp. 2004.